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How do I naturally fertilize my garden?

How do I naturally fertilize my garden? It is very easy to naturally fertilize any garden. Every day I produce a lot of organic waste. This waste I can use to naturally fertilize the soil. Organic Waste forms a good fertilizer plus it does not have any ill effects on plants. Plants mainly need Nitrogen, Potassium, and Phosphorous. Organic waste produced at home is full of these nutrients. Making your own fertilizers at home is easy and not at all expensive. Let us have a look at all those components which we I can use to naturally fertilize my garden.

Mixture of everything
A mixture of all kinds of waste materials

Mixture of everything

Segregate wet garbage and dry garbage separately. Take wet garbage into a compost bin. Add water and make a slurry. Use this slurry as a fertilizer. This is very primitive fertilizer which needs minimum efforts.

Fish Liquid to naturally fertilize garden

Fish bones are an excellent source of nutrients. Take these and crush them into a powder form.  Mix one part of fish powder with two parts of water. Keep this mixture in the sun till it cooks into a soup. Stir the mixture every day for 10 to 12 days. Use this mixture as a fertilizer (3 gallons per 100 square feet). This is effective on growing leafy vegetables, sprouts, and flowering plants.

Green vegetable remains

Take vegetable remains and bury them around the plant below the soil. This may not be very effective as decomposition might take a lot of time. Making compost of remains, on the other hand, is very fast and effective way to use vegetable remains. Take vegetable remains in a compost bin. Mix water and keep it for few days. Keep adding new remains every day. Use this compost before planting a plant. Mix it with soil properly.

Crumbled Eggs
Crumbled Eggshells act as both fertilizer ad defense mechanism.

Eggshells to naturally fertilize a garden

They are calcium rich and also act a defensive mechanism against some pests and insects. Crumble egg shells and place them around roots inside the soil. Use crumbled Eggshells once a month. Eggshells protect the plant from slugs, ants, and some other insects.

Banana and other fruit peels

Fruit peels are as rich as fruits in ingredients. Banana peels are rich in potassium. Banana peels are put under the soil when or before planting a plant in a container. Peels decompose naturally. Flowers need potassium to bloom nicely. There is no better source of potassium other than banana peels. Hence, banana peelings are highly recommended for rose and other flowering plants.

Tea leaves and coffee beans

Used tea leaves and coffee beans are very simple yet effective materials to naturally fertilize a garden. Either put a few tea leaves around plant once in a week. Another method is to make paste or liquid. Take water and tea leaves in ten is to one ratio. Add it to the soil or spray it on the plant.

Human Urine

Human Urine
Human Urine as a fertilizer

It may sound disgusting. Human urine has high nitrogen concentrations plus a good amount of phosphorous and potassium. It works as an ideal fertilizer if a person who pees is healthy and free of any infection. Collect urine in a pot or bottle. Mix it with water in one is to eight ratios. This mixture is effective for all sorts of plants. If a plant is small in size then use approximately 250 ml (2 cups). For medium size 4 cups (500 ml) and for large plants 6 cups (750 ml).

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What should you plant in your Garden

What should you plant in your Garden in India

What should you plant in your Garden? A Garden improves the look of the place, provides fresh vegetables and fruits for consumption, provides shade, fresh air, etc. One can start gardening for any of the reasons, according to your needs and convenience. But, the growth of plants depends on – weather conditions, space requirements, soil fertility, availability of water, sunlight, etc. So, you should also select a plant that can thrive well in your garden conditions. To strike a balance between both, many types of gardens were inventively developed.

What should you plant in In-Ground Garden

If you have fertile soil and adequate space, you can grow variety of plants, trees, grass, etc. on the ground. Place plants that require adequate sunlight in a north-south direction. You can plant shade-loving shrubs near the shadowy regions or near trees. Some heavy climbers like melon, pumpkin, etc. thrive well on the ground. If you are planting vegetables, perform crop rotation every 3 years to increase the fertility of the soil. Ideal for large trees, plants with extensive root growth, and space-occupying plants like corn.

Rain Garden

When you are planning a garden, add a rain garden that will absorb the excess water from rain and increases your groundwater. Choose a mix of attractive native flowering plants, trees, shrubs, and grasses that can survive in excess water as well as drought. Plants with wide roots will absorb the water effectively within a couple of Plants for days after the rain. Choose swamp rose, swamp sunflower, birch, black willow, etc., for the water-logged area, shrubs like mistflower, primrose, bougainvillea, etc. for the outer dry areas and snowberries, red maple, bottlebrush grass, etc. for the occasionally wet areas in your rain garden.

Raised Bed Garden

When the soil conditions are not suitable for your plants, you can buy or construct a raised bed. A raised bed is a wooden frame of desirable height placed above the ground, or on a hard surface and is filled with a mixture of loose, fertile soil and compost. While beds are kept spaced and neat, plants in a bed are generally grown closer to utilize the space. Two or more plants can be combined in a plot if their growth pattern and requirements do not conflict. You can grow a variety of flowering plants, shrubs, small trees, herbs based on the size and depth of the bed. For e.g. sunflower, peas, greens, cabbage, dwarf citrus, etc. For weak plants and climbers like tomato, beans, provide vertical support so that they do not occupy ground space.

Roof Garden

When living in a house with no yard space, you can create a garden on your terrace with pots and containers. Since it will expose to the wind and extreme weather conditions, keep that in mind while choosing the plants. Since it’s on the roof, choose light-weight plants with not much root growth and suitable for the container. Figs harvest best when we restrict their roots. So it is ideal for container gardening. Eggplant, papaya, cilantro, vines, roses, lantana, grass, and other plants that require drained soil. You can plant these on a roof garden.

An indoor Garden

In apartments with limited space, you can grow houseplants inside the house, with or without light and water. You

What should you plant in your Garden in India

can also grow plants without soil using hydroponics. Vegetables and fruit plants require at least 15 hours of sunlight. So it is best to keep them in the veranda to get sunlight or use simulated light. You can grow Greens, herbs, carrot, potato, dwarf fruit trees, berries, currants, grapes, etc. indoors with adequate sunlight. Plants like an African violet, peace lily, primrose, wallflower, etc. require partial light and can be grown on or near windows. You can grow some plants inside without sunlight like areca palm, umbrella palm, philodendron, etc. Plants like cactus, lithops, desert rose, etc. require less water.

What should you plant in your Garden?

Start by creating a small garden with a variety of plants before improving. Plants need constant maintenance – watering, fertilizing, pest control, disease control, weeding. So, understand the requirements of the plants and nurture it to have a fruitful experience.

Reference links:
Different types of tree species

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What are the easiest flowers to grow?

What are the easiest flowers to grow? People always dream about having flowering plants in their house. Every naïve gardener has the following question in her or his mind, what are the easiest flowers to grow? There are many flowering plants with which you can start off. Easiest flowers to grow are flowers which do not need a lot of efforts and much of attention. They grow in a shorter period of time, in small spaces, and in economic resources. This article tells you all about common 5 easiest flowers to grow.

Mongolian Giant

It is commonly known as “Sunflower”. It is an ideal place to grow them is outside the home like backyard, balcony, and terrace. You can grow them inside also but then limited sunlight slows down a growth rate of the plant. You need to provide adequate sun, water regularly, and support a growing stem. There are some other plants like Sunflower; they are cosmos, nasturtium, marigolds, and zinnias. These plants have requirements very similar to Sunflower.

Pansy

 Blue shades of Pansy flower

It is also known as “Viola X Wittrockiana”. These flowers are very pretty, one cannot resist their charm. You can use their seeds or plug plants. You can grow them outside in winter and summer or inside in shade for 365 days plus there is no need to water the plant every day. The plant will manage rest of the things on its own, and it will keep growing.  If you want to see more and more flowers then do not forget to remove the dead flowers. This gives a way to newer flowers to bloom.

Geranium

There are around 500 species across the globe. They can thrive in all types of climatic conditions and in most of the soil types. They need a little moisture and rich nutrients in the soil. You can place them inside or outside in sun but partial shade is preferable. You can grow them from bare roots or from seeds. Hardy Geranium is most common amid all species of Geranium. They are very low maintenance plants

Escholzia


It is also known as Californian Poppy. If you are a super lazy person then this is the plant for you. You can put their seeds in any corner of the garden. They grow in dry poor soil. Do not need nutrients or daily water. You can water them once in a blue moon. You do not have cut or crop anything. Just leave the plant and it flourishes on its own. You just sit back and enjoy magnificent colors without taking any efforts. Hence, these are one of the easiest flowers to grow.

Nigella

You cannot get any easiest flowers to grow than this. You just have to sprinkle seeds in pots. And you are done gardening for a few years. The plant takes air moisture hence you do not have to water it, plus plant does not demand nutrient-rich soil. Flowers bloom and fade away on their own plus plant shades seeds in the soil which prepares for next batch of the plants. What is going to be as simpler as this?

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Flowers are so Important to Human Beings!

 

Flowers are so Important to Human Beings
flowers add not just beauty but several other benefits too. 

                             

Why are they so important?

What is not to love about flowers? Right from little wild growths to carefully bred orchids, they are a marvel of nature. Vegetation and plants, in general, are vital to the existence of the mankind. Plants serve many useful functions, like regulating the weather conditions, preserving the nutrient content of the soil, preventing soil erosion and providing a habitat for numerous species of animals and birds. However, much of the benefits of a plant would not be possible, if they did not bloom. They are a vital component of plants, as we shall see below.

Flowers are a means of propagation

They are the reproductive organs of a plant. When it comes to attraction diversity of colors pleasant odor are a center of attractions. This draws in the pollinators who help to transfer the pollen to the pistils. This helps in the formation of seeds and fruits. We can use the same seeds for further propagation of the plant.

Without them, this process of reproduction would be impossible. Given that plants are stationary, much of the propagation is possible only by way of pollinators. The attractiveness of the flowers is usually unmatched by the plainness of the green leaves and is crucial to attracting the notice of insects.

Flowering plants have medicinal properties

 Flowers can make your mood every morning

For human beings and animals, flowers serve medicinal purposes as well. We need to choose them carefully. It depends upon the kind of toxin that we want to dismiss from the body. Petals of Calendula, for instance, help ease skin wounds. Similarly, petals of chrysanthemum, jasmine, and carnation can be used as tea additives which also have medicinal properties. Begonia flowers, when soaked in warm water, helps ease headaches.It is important to recognize the right kind of flowers and ensure that they do not emit certain other kinds of toxins that the human or animal body may be allergic too.

Flowers are a source of nutrition for all organisms

They are also a form of nutrition to all kinds of living organisms. When pollinators like bees and butterflies sit on eth flowers, they derive nectar from the same. Even small birds like hummingbird feed flowers as a good source of nectar. Seeds of sunflowers are an ideal source of oil, many people use it commonly across the globe. Similarly, clovers and dandelions are a common source of food for many of us. Wr can use many other flowers like jasmine, lavender, oregano, and sage during cooking.

Also, insects and small animals thrive on flowering plants. Though not always beneficial to the plant or the garden, rabbits and groundhogs are known to have a preference for certain flowers. In some case, the flowers themselves may be the kitchen of the plant. Insectivorous plants like the Venus Flytrap are capable of trapping unsuspecting insects (by way of their bright colors) and derive nutrition from them. Nature does things by a non-intrusive way. Propagation of most plants would be impossible without flowers. These parts of the plat not only accomplish the vital function of reproduction but also bring about a charm in the surroundings.

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How temperature affect Photosynthesis

How temperature affect Photosynthesis. Temperature is one of the most important factor that affects the rate of photosynthesis in plants. Scientists proved that the temperature directly affect the enzymes of the plant. Photosynthetic organisms are able to synthesize their own food from carbon dioxide and water in presence of light. Most plants, most algae, and some bacteria like blue-green bacteria perform photosynthesis. Photosynthesis is mostly responsible for producing and maintaining the oxygen level of the Earth’s atmosphere. It also supplies all of the organic compounds and most of the energy necessary for life on Earth.

Blue-green Bacteria: Blue green bacteria is a nitrogen-fixing bacteria that lives in various varieties of moist soil and water. It can live free or in symbiotic relationship with fungi. This is found in water of rice paddies or on the surface of green algae. This bacteria fix the atmospheric nitrogen in anaerobic process. This bacteria convert sunlight into glucose by photosynthesis.

How temperature affect Photosynthesis

Photosynthesis in Algae :  Algae are aquatic organisms . They harvest light for photosynthesis and account almost 50% of it, that takes place on earth. Algae play a very crucial role in global carbon cycle by reducing carbon dioxide content from atmosphere . It can be used as bio-diesel fuel source. Algae absorb and convert solar energy into chemical energy efficiently. As Carbon content in the atmosphere affect the temperature of a region , therefore we can say that algae help in maintaining global temperature constant.

Photosynthesis in  Unicellular Algae and Slime Molds : They are microscopic organism also having unicellular structure. They get their food by converting sunlight into energy . Molds have symbiotic relation with blue green algae and they are very useful in maintaining oxygen content in atmosphere. Hence,they help in maintaining temperature of atmosphere by producing oxygen.

Enzyme Characteristics : As temperature directly affects the plant enzymes which helps in photosynthesis that means temperature variations affects the photosynthesis as well. Enzymes are spherical proteins which act like nonliving Catalyst. These enzymes increase the rate of reactions within living organisms by lowering the activation energy.  All enzymes have an optimum temperature at which they can work best. At this temperature kinetic energy of collisions increases. The temperature tends to be too high for the enzymes to function properly. The optimum temperature is 25 degrees C,for most of the plant enzymes.

The temperature destroy the characteristic properties of enzymes. It also causes vibrations within the enzyme that ends up destroying the shape of the active site by breaking the hydrogen bonds in the enzyme. Due to this the enzymes are not able to function properly as it can no longer fit the specific catalyst required for the reaction. In addition this process slows down the rate of photosynthesis. At very low temperature collisions between enzymes and substrates decrease. Due to this enzymes activity decrease. At this temperature enzymes and substrates have little kinetic energy. Due to this the rate of chemical reaction slows down.

Conclusion

Thus, as we know from above discussion that only at a particular temperature, photosynthesis rate is optimum. When the temperature increase beyond that temperature or decrease below that temperature,the rate of photosynthesis fall drastically.