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Environmental factors affecting plant growth and developments

Environmental Factors Affecting Plant Growth. Plant Growth, development, and distribution are highly influenced by the environment. Any limitation over the availability of ideal environmental factors will put a hindrance upon the growth of the plant and its distribution.

It is seen that plant problem are mainly caused by environmental stress. The absence of an adequate amount of water could impact the growth of a plant. Such a situation can make a complete ruin of a tree. It weakens a plant and makes it more susceptible to attack from insects.

Environmental factors affecting plant growth and development

Environmental factors affecting plant growth and development include light, temperature, water, humidity, and nutrition.  At the time of nurturing a tree, it is important to know how these factors could affect the growth and development of a plant. Knowledge about environmental factors helps the owner promotes proper growth.

The various factors affecting plant growth and development can also be classified into external and internal aspects. Of the External factors, light is most important. It regulates the process of photosynthesis. Changes in day length help in regulating the phonological development of rangeland plants. It is important as a physiological process within a plant and the process is carried during daytime only.  With the smooth conducting of physiological processes, flowering and other live-related functioning are initiated properly within a plant.

Light intensity has a direct influence on the manufacture of plant food, stem lengthening, and leaf color. Plants like geranium, if grown in the low light condition it will tend to be spindly. The leaves will appear light green.

If the growth takes place in brighter light, the branch distribution would be better and possess larger, dark green leaves.

Plants grown domestically can also be classified according to their light needs, viz., high, medium and low light requirements. The strength of light a plant receives at the indoors depends upon the nearness of the light source to the plant. The direction in which the windows are placed affects the intensity of natural sunlight that plants receive. Lights coming from the direction of the south have the highest intensity, those having eastern and western exposures receive about 60 percent of the intensity of southern exposures, and exposures arrive from the north will receive 20 percent of southern exposure. It implies that the southern exposure is the warmest, eastern and western are less warm and a northern exposure is the coolest.

The intensity of light for plants within a premise is also influenced by factors like the presence of curtains, trees outside the window, weather, the season of the year, shade from other buildings and the cleanliness of the window.

The presence of reflective surfaces inside the home or office will help increase the intensity of light available to plants. Dark surfaces will decrease light intensity.

Role of Temperature in Plant Growth

Plants grown in the houses tolerate normal temperature fluctuations. As is commonly experienced, foliage house Environmental factors affecting plant growth

Plants grown in the houses tolerate normal temperature fluctuations. As is commonly experienced, foliage house plants make their best growth when treated within a range of 70 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit during the day. The night temperature ranges between 60 and 68 degrees.

Therefore, such house plants prefer the same daytime range even though they grow best at nighttime temperatures, i.e. ranging between 55 and 60 degrees Fahrenheit. The lower night temperature induces physiological recovery from moisture loss, intensifies flower color, and helps the plants survive for a longer period.

Marked fluctuation in temperatures may cause plant failures, and the growth process may come to a standstill. It may also cause spindly appearance and foliage damage or drop. A cooler temperature at night is more desirable for plant growth than higher temperatures. Therefore, the experts recommend keeping the night temperature 10 to 15 degrees lower than the day temperature.

How does humidity affect plant growth

Humidity has an integral role in the growth of plants. It is a measurement of the percentage of the moisture in the air that has made it saturated.  Considering its impetus as one of the top environmental factors affecting tree growth, arrangements are made to offer certain humidity in the area where seedling is planted.

Humidity can increase by various processes. Attaching a humidifier to the heating or ventilating system is one of these.

You can also place gravel trays under the flower pots or containers.  In such trays, an even moisture level is maintained. It increases relative humidity within the vicinity of the containers.

Another way to raise humidity is to group plants close together. Spray a fine mist on the foliage though there is a question about its effectiveness in changing the humidity in the environment completely. It is better to carry out this process in the early part of the day; it helps the plants become dry by night, which is recommended.

Why water is essential to plants growth

Role of Temperature in Plant Growth
How to water plants

Of all the external factors affecting plant growth, water has more important roles to play in the proper distribution of plants. However, it is important to understand how to water your plants. Not all plants need the same amounts of water in the same interval.

The most relevant confusion in this regard is the frequency at which the watering process should be conducted. Finding a proper answer to such a query is difficult as different types of plants consume various amounts of water.

The cause of watering in plants is influenced by the nature of the soil and other environmental conditions. Experts opine against the application of water at the time of drying soil crust.

Roots of house, plants rest in the bottom two-thirds of the pot. Experts recommend not to water until the soil starts to dry out. It is best done by feeling the place with soil. Place index finger in about 2 inches into the soil serves the best. Do not start watering if the soil feels damp. Plants don’t like too much stagnant water. Water only when the soil is dry.

If the pot is a smaller one, a measurement can be carried at the depth of 1 inch. You can water the pot until water runs out of the bottom.

The process will serve two purposes. In the first instance, it washes out all the excess salts Again, it ensures that the best parts at the bottom of the pot, where most of the roots have, will get enough water for survival.

You will have to wait till the water dries at the 2-inch depth before pouring more water at the base of trees.

Conclusion

While considering the effect of the environment on plant growth, one must consider the soil acidity. The extent of acidity in the soil influences the availability of nutrients by a plant. While putting an eye on the availability of other environmental factors, the planter must know about the beneficial and toxic minerals for plants. While beneficial elements like Calcium, Magnesium, Phosphorus, and Potassium promote the growth of a plant, toxic elements like Alumina, Molybdenum or Zinc cause damage to the plants.

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3 Best Organic Liquid Fertilizers for Vegetables in India in 2020

This article is about the best organic liquid fertilizer for vegetables in India. if you are growing vegetables you need fertilizer. It can be soil fertilizer or liquid fertilizer [spray fertilizer]. If you wish to do chemical-free cultivation, you need organic fertilizer. Generally speaking, organic liquid fertilizer yields better and faster results in vegetable cultivation in comparison to organic soil fertilizer. So in this article, we are going to talk about the best organic liquid fertilizer available in India for vegetables.

Table of contents

The type of vegetables that can be grown in india
What kind of fertilizer required by vegetables.

This is to say, organic liquid fertilizer works better and faster in comparison to other soil organic fertilizers. When organic liquid fertilizer is sprayed on the leaves of the plant, the molecules enter into the plant’s system almost immediately through the opening in the leaves. Furthermore, if your organic liquid fertilizer is good you should see results in 5 – 7 days.

Generally speaking There are over 1000 different types of organic liquid fertilizers for vegetables available online. Some are good, some are bad. In this article, we will discuss which organic liquid fertilizer is better for vegetables.

Ideally, your garden’s soil would give all the nutrients and follow components plants need. However, in reality, garden and lawn soil — and therefore, the plants that live in them — regularly needs a little lift.

Improving the health of your soil is the main thing you can do to enhance your garden, yard, or scene, and organic vegetable fertilizers can help. They give an extensive exhibit of macro and micro-nutrients, energize rich growth and beautiful blossoms and give durable, healthy outcomes a seemingly endless amount of time after year.

Our planet has got an enormous assortment of natural and organic fertilizers intended to empower growth, blossoms, and plentiful harvests. Check out them… your gardens will perform past your best standards!

All plants need:

  • Macronutrients – nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium
  • Secondary nutrients – sulfur, calcium, and magnesium
  • Micronutrients – iron, manganese, zinc, chlorine, boron, copper and nickel (in little amounts)

Organic fertilizing can be as straightforward or as specialized as you need it to be. For gardeners who don’t wish to invest a great deal of energy making sense of what individual plants need, there are commercial blends that can be utilized on all plants.

For the individuals who like to regard each plant as an individual, there are particular fertilizers or blends for each sort of plant—frequently fertilizing protocol changes as the plant grows. Continue perusing to survey the best fertilizing technique for you.

Why Should You Go for Organic Fertilizing?

Plants can’t tell if the nitrogen, or other necessary nutrients, they are taking up originated from an organic or chemical source, yet picking an organic over synthetic compost has an effect on the health of your vegetables, your soil, and groundwater. Organic fertilizers really improve the soil, while chemical or synthetic fertilizers exhaust the ground as time goes on.

Difference Between Chemical and Organic Fertilizers

Organic Fertilizers

 

Chemical Fertilizers

 

  • Release nutrients gradually, giving a consistent progression of plant nutrients.
  • Non-burning (won’t hurt sensitive seedling roots).
  • Improve soil structure.
  • Increase water holding capacity.
  • Increase supplement holding capacity.
  • Promotes the survival of earthworms and soil micro-living beings.
  • Buffers soil from chemical imbalances.
  • Release nutrients quickly.
  •  
  • May consume plants (and mischief sensitive seedling roots).
  • Leaching can pollute groundwater.
  • Loss of compost because of leaching implies soil requires numerous applications.
  • It can make soil toxic after constant use.
  • Mineral salts can develop after some time and kill off soil microbes.
  • High nitrogen levels may repulse earthworms.

 

 

Chemical fertilizers came to fruition after WWII when the organizations that made ammonia gas for explosives expected to figure out how to remain in business. In this way, they made sense of how to make ammonia gas (for the most part, nitrogen) into manure.

Kinds of Organic Fertilizers

Bird and Animal Manures:

Good supplement source and crammed with microorganisms. Ought to be very much matured or treated the soil before applying straightforwardly to the garden.

Blood Meal:

Slow-release wellspring of nitrogen in addition to following minerals. Apply not long before planting and use sparingly.

Fish Meal/Emulsion:

Source of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, and follow elements. It is Released rapidly.

Greensand:

Rich in potassium and various micronutrients. It can be utilized to loosen and relax clay soils. Apply 5-10 lbs for every 100 square feet.

Shellfish Meal:

Strong wellspring of calcium (23%), nitrogen, phosphorus, and micronutrients. May likewise be utilized to restrain root-hitch nematodes.

Rock Phosphate:

It can be considered as one of the best organic fertilizers for flowers. Great for flowering plants and gives a multiyear phosphate hold. When you make sense of what you need from your organic vegetable fertilizer, it is anything but difficult to pick the correct one.

Vegetables Requiring Maximum Fertilizers

Light Feeding Vegetables-

These include onion, beet, potato, bean, radish, carrot, pea, and turnip.

Heavy Feeding Vegetables-

These include Brussel sprouts, melon, cabbage, corn, leeks, cauliflower, spinach, lettuce, broccoli, squash, celery, and kale.

Liquid Organic Fertilizers

Plants can assimilate liquids through both their underlying foundations and their stomata (pores on the leaf’s surface). Liquid fertilizers can be applied to the soil or showered on to the leaves.

Liquid organic fertilizers (regardless of whether a commercial mix, fish emulsion or compost tea) are particularly helpful during crucial occasions in a vegetation’s, for example, soon after transplanting, during extraordinary temperatures or dry spell, or when the plant is blooming or setting natural product). Foliar fertilizing will likewise profit plants all through the growing season and can be applied each two a month.

Applying Liquid Fertilizers

  • Always adhere to label instructions.
  • Using a surfactant (coconut oil or mild soap — 1/4 tsp per gallon of spray) to help get the best coverage.
  • Check the spray’s pH — marginally acidic manure (6.0-6.5) is ideal (lower pH with vinegar).
  • Use a spray mister with the best fog conceivable.
  • Spray until liquid trickles off the leaves, make sure to spray the underside of leaves where pores are well on the way to be open.
  • Spray during the early morning or late night for best absorption.
  • OR water liquid fertilizers around the roots of plants.

Top 3 Liquid Organic Fertilizers for Vegetable Garden

Liquid seaweed

Liquid seaweed is a standout among other organic fertilizers you can use in your vegetable garden. Most seaweed-based fertilizers are produced using kelp. It contains more than 50 nutrients and amino acids. Liquid seaweed can even be utilized as a seed vaccinate to build germination. I’ve discovered that utilizing liquid seaweed truly assists plants with flourishing during distressing growing conditions.

Fish emulsion

Fish emulsion is one of my preferred organic fertilizers to use in my garden! We use it on everything from seedlings to develop plants to keep them growing great through the late spring. One of my preferred approaches to utilize fish emulsion manure is to fill the planting opening with it when transplanting seedlings into the garden. I never have any withering or stressed seedlings since I began doing that.

Blood meal

Adding a blood meal to your garden is an extraordinary method to give nitrogen to your vegetable plants. You can blend it in with your compost when you top dress the garden in the spring and add more to the garden every month through the growing season.

It is safe to say that you are growing vegetables in containers? Just blend the blood feast in with your potting soil before topping off the compartment. It will give them an incredible nitrogen boost.