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Soil preparation: How to prepare the soil for planting

soil preparation

Soil preparation. This article is about soil preparation and the importance of it. If you are a vivid gardener, consider reading this soil preparation article once. If you have planted a tree before then you already know, one can not plant a tree without soil preparation first.

A plant observes nutrients, organic matter, water, and air from the soil. By contrast, if you don’t have healthy soil you can’t have a healthy plant. This is to say when soil preparation is done well, there would be less need for fertilizer and pesticides.

“If you want a healthy plant, start from soil preparation.”

As a result, if you care for soil preparation, the quality of your soil will improve year over year. Plants can grow on such soil forever. on the contrary, if you don’t care for soil preparation, soon your soil will be suitable for growing weeds only.

Prepare the soil for planting. Like humans, all plants need food, water, and air to grow and produce yield. Plant requirements like the amount of sunlight, water, temperature, soil quality, etc. may vary across plants. Their availability is decided by the location of your garden, weather conditions, and time of planting. But all the plants need nutrients and minerals to aid them in growth & reproduction. All the plants receive them through the soil and hence it is important to prepare the soil for planting.

Table of contents

Time needed: 30 minutes.

How do you prepare the soil for planting?

  1. Clear the area from any debris .etc

    A good soil must be free from any debris, bricks, wood particles, metal particles etc. Strip away the sod.

  2. Dig the soil up to a depth of 1 feet

    Use a spade or fork to dig the soil to a depth of 1 foot. Crush the soil into dust. Plants root grow well in the dusty soil.

  3. Add soil amendments

    Add about 30% compost or various soil amendments to the soil. Mix the soil thoroughly and put it back into the whole

  4. Our Soil Amendments recommendation

    We recommend using Saosis Soil Mend or Saosis Top Soil. These products are Organic and have been extensively tested by us.

What are the different types of soil?

Types of soil. There are three different types of soil: sand soil, silt soil, and clay soil. But, most soils are composed of these 3 combinations of the different types of soil. How these 3 different types of soil mix will determine the texture of the soil, or, in other words, how the soil looks and feels.

What is soil preparation?

Soil preparation is one of the most important steps to having successful cultivation. The best garden soil should be fertile and well-drained yet retains moisture. Good soil should have enough air circulation which is needed for healthy roots. Soil preparation can be done throughout the year.

How to do soil preparation for a vegetable garden?

Soil preparation for a vegetable garden. In the first place decide the location of your garden. If the soil wet due to winter frost or rain allow it to dry. In short, start the soil preparation process in dry soil. Clear weeds, rocks, grass, etc.

To begin with, soil preparation, take a soil test to check the pH of the soil. The soil test will reveal pH, and other nutrient, mineral deficiencies in your soil. Do the suggested fixes to improve the soil.

Most plants require well-aerated soil. For soils having more clay content; add organic manure, peat moss to improve drainage. But, Mainly some plants like pumpkin thrive well in clay soil.

Similarly, compost improves moisture retention in dry, sandy soil. Mix compost and fertilizer. Do not walk or compress the well-aerated soil. Repeat the process until the soil looks and feels fertile.

Sprinkle water to keep it moist or cover it with organic mulch till you start planting.

What is the best soil to use for a vegetable garden?

To clarify if you want to do soil preparation for a vegetable garden? Here are the tips: All things considered the best soil suitable for the vegetable garden includes lots of compost and organic matter. Whatever you’re starting with, incorporate enough organic material so that the amended soil is neither sandy nor compacted. We recommend using Saosis Soil fertilizers

Can I use potting soil for vegetables?

This to say the best soil mix for your home-grown vegetables is one that is dry, water-soluble, and has a pH that is close to neutral. … Potting mixes are filled with organic matter such as peat moss, compost, and bark chips to provide nutrients and a good pH balance for your plants

How do you prepare the soil for fruit trees?

Soil preparation for fruit trees. Fruit trees need to be spaced, placed in the sunshine, in the well-drained aerated soil for it to develop strong roots. If your soil is waterlogged, consider planting on an inclined raised bed with depth, for the roots to grow spaciously.

Most fruits require acidic soil for thriving. All in all plant perennials like berries and currants on a shallow raised bed or on a fertile well-drained weed-free ground. Grapes and kiwi with a vertical support, thrive well on slopes and hills with exposure to the sun, good air circulation in a well-aerated soil.

If you wish to produce a high yield of good quality fruits. One alternative is, You need to have a tree with a well-developed root system so that plants can take up plenty of water and nutrients from the soil.

To achieve this, the surface of the soil should be enough deep, soft, and stable. The structure of the soil should be good and there should be a proper draining system. Most plants don’t like water stagnant near their root. The pH level of the soil should be between 5.8 and 6.5.

Prepare the soil for planting Legumes

Soil preparation for planting legumes. By contrast, Peas, beans thrive well in any type of soil that is well-drained and has adequate sunshine. Legumes also grow as cover crops so you can do that. Before the plant develops seeds, work it back into the soil. It is important to realize the nitrogen absorbed by legume will be released back to the earth when it decomposes. On the positive side, It will also serve as an organic matter to the soil.

How to prepare the soil for flowers plantation?

Soil preparation for growing flowers. Flowers require well-drained, loamy soil to grow. Remove weeds by using herbicide or organic mulch, and mow or dig out the grass. Create a graded or a raised bed for your flower garden to improve drainage. Decide where to plant perennials, and annuals since their root growth is different. Use slow-release fertilizers for the flower garden.

How do you prepare the soil for planting grass?

Soil preparation for planting grass. The first thing to remember Grass requires leveled, aerated soil for lush growth. Prepare well ahead of the actual sowing. First weed, remove rocks and loosen the soil. Add black topsoil, potting soil, organic matter, fertilizers, etc. as required and till the soil again. Level the entire area with a rake and firm the soil with a lawn roller appropriately.

After a few weeks, rake it again and remove weeds. Decide where to install sprinklers, grass plugs. Leave room for pathways to protect from stepping on your grass. Under those circumstances, for now, it is ready for planting grass seeds.

Soil preparation for succulents

Succulents require less water and a lot of sunlight to grow. Foundationally they need sandy, dry soil. If you are planting in a container make holes in the bottom, to improve the drainage in the soil. Also, add gravel and sand to your soil if soil conditions are not ideal.

Buy soil for plants online India

In addition, Buy soil for plants online India. If you are unable to find good quality soil fertilizer for soil preparation, then here is our recommendation. Furthermore, this is one of the best soil fertilizer we have tested over the years.

  • All in organic soil fertilizer. Suitable for high quality soil preparation
  • Provides optimal balance of micro-organisms and beneficial bacteria to help your plants reach their full potential growth
  • Naturally sourced: all-natural, bio-dynamic formula brings out the fullest flavors and finest quality from your crop
  • It has exactly what plants need so there is never a need for additional chemicals or nutrients


Therefore, the time spent in preparing the soil will help you achieve high productivity. Determine suitable native plants for your soil. Or amend your soil according to the requirements and grow any garden. Prepare the soil with suitable soil fertilizer before planting. if you want to know more about soil, please click here

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Adjust Soil pH after Planting

How to adjust soil pH after planting

Adjust Soil pH after Planting. Soil pH indicates if your soil is acidic, neutral, or alkaline. While most of the plants grow in any type of soil, some plants have specific soil requirements. Soil pH affects absorption of nutrients from the soil by the plants. In some cases, minerals are unavailable for absorption by plants. So based on the soil pH, we choose the appropriate plant. Or, we alter the soil based on our choice of plant.

Things to Consider while adjusting soil pH after planting

Even if you begin with an ideal soil, over time the soil pH changes due to a number of factors. Excess use of chemical fertilizers can alter the soil pH. Heavy rainfall or too much watering can drain your soil of the essential nutrients and can change the soil pH. Similarly, pollutants and resulting acid rain can make the soil acidic. Excessive farming of a crop can lower the pH. E.g. Legumes. So we need to take corrective measures, as often as possible, to revert the soil pH.

Analysis of How to Adjust Soil pH after Planting

pH scale for various soils

Begin by taking a Soil Test at various depths across various areas for an appropriate result. Along with the soil pH, test result also gives us the list of nutrients and minerals absent in our soil. Even if the soil pH is appropriate, lack of some nutrients can cause inconsistencies in plant growth. If we have to alter the pH as well as supply a specific nutrient, we can choose an amendment correctly based on the results.

How to Raise Soil pH

  • Fluid lime and pelletized lime can immediately raise soil pH. Hydrated Dolomite lime can be added if magnesium is also deficient. Adding lime improves phosphorus and calcium availability in acidic soil. The high amount of lime can hinder potassium and magnesium absorption by plants.
  • Highly soluble potassium carbonate can be used instead of lime as part of irrigation. It acts quickly, reaching greater soil depth. But it is a synthetic material.
  • Wood ash that is produced from unpainted wood can also be used sparingly, instead of lime in sandy soils to raise pH.
  • Oyster shell flour, crushed egg shells, or, aragonite can be used to increase the pH.

How to Lower Soil pH

  • Adding organic material like treated manure, green manure, compost, alfalfa meal, peat moss, pine needles, etc. to your alkaline soil, improves microbial activity, reduces pH, improves soil, and increases phosphorus availability. But it lowers pH gradually.
  • Similarly, humic acid and fulvic acid in powdery or liquid form can be mixed with seaweed to lower the pH.
  • Vinegar or citric acid diluted with water can lower pH of the alkaline soil.
  • Synthetic fertilizers like Aluminum sulfate and ammonium sulfate are acidifying. They quickly lower pH and you should use them cautiously. Elemental sulfur is organic, requires bacterial action to lower pH and is slow. Copper sulfate chelated with citric acid may be used if copper is also deficient in the soil.

How to apply?

While adjusting soil pH after Planting, these amendments can only be added on the surface. So, it will alter the pH of the soil only to some depth. Mix powdery forms with water to use as liquid fertilizer. Take care to avoid direct application on roots, leaves or other plant parts. The pH of water differs – most tap water is alkaline, while rainwater is acidic. Take this into consideration while diluting the mixture. Take soil test at regular intervals, to check the progress. Continue altering your pH, only if required.

Conclusion – How to Adjust Soil pH after Planting

Mulching with organic material can help prevent draining of nutrients during heavy rainfall or watering. Similarly, adopt such natural organic methods which promote sustainable farming, to achieve and maintain the soil pH.

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How Do I make My Own Organic Fertilizer?

Making Own Organic Fertilizer. Food and water are the basis for our survival. But with genetic modification, growth hormones and toxic chemicals used in cultivation – nutritional value of our intake is deteriorating. So, the world is shifting towards organic farming (use of organic fertilizer) to promote healthy eating. Even nations like UAE, with less rainfall and dry environment, are using innovation and technology to carry out farming. So why not make your own  organic fertilizer.

Components of organic fertilizer

The Way Ahead in making Own  Organic Fertilizer

Organic farming uses only naturally sustainable methods and products. Traditional methods that are harmless to our health and earth, are used with some scientific improvisation. Some of the techniques employed in Organic farming are,

  • Use of organic fertilizers like compost, etc.
  • Change of crops to enrich the soil
  • Reduction of weed growth through mulching, digging, etc.
  • Use of natural pesticides
  • Use of traditional farm tools

If you make your own  organic fertilizer. you create Wealth out of waste

Bio-degradable waste when discarded decomposes and emits greenhouse gases, which cause global warming, pollution, etc. So to reduce the waste sent to the dump yard, we should recycle or process it. Some easily available items that can be processed into Organic fertilizer under controlled environment are,

  • Treated Manure – waste of cattle, sheep, poultry and other farm animals
  • Chemical-free crop residue, lawn trimmings, foliage, etc.
  • Household waste – vegetable & fruit scraps, egg shells, coffee & tea residue, paper, wood, etc.

You can make your own  organic fertilizer by Composting process

Select a ventilated place with adequate sunshine but with partial shade. You can compost in a pit, or bin or compactor. Place 1 inch of straw in the base. Gather your waste items in the compost – ideally, carbon-rich items like newspaper, dried leaves are mixed with green waste for carbon-nitrogen balancing. Sprinkle little water. If your pile is too dense, add sawdust, cardboard, etc. to allow air flow. Leave it for few days for microbial action. Constantly check the temperature (pile will gradually heat up), odor and moisture content (not sopping wet nor dry). If the compost temperature drops suddenly or if it emits a foul odor, it’s time to turn your pile to allow air flow. When the pile changes into a dark soil like form, your fertilizer is ready. Mix it with your garden soil and plant 2-3 weeks later or just cover your soil with the fertilizer.

You can make your own organic fertilizer by Vermi composting process

Vermicomposting is composting done using earth “worms”. Unlike composting, it requires moderate temperature, wet bedding for the worms to thrive. Therefore, avoid a large pile and keep worm-bins in a shady area like inside of the house. First, add wet newspaper or cardboard followed by wet soil to the worm bins. Add food scraps; leave it for a couple of days, before introducing the worms. Worms will aerate the pile, so you don’t have to turn it. If you have a large pile, first compost it to kill the germs at high temperature and then proceed with vermicomposting in numerous small worm-beds.

Liquid Fertilizers

While organic fertilizers act slowly, liquid fertilizers provide quick nourishment to the soil. Mix manure or any green waste with water. Leave water with manure for 3-4 days (after this it emits a nasty smell); Green waste for 2 weeks. Stir occasionally. The nutrients from the waste seep into the water. Remove only the concentrated liquid. Mix the liquid fertilizer with adequate water and spray it on the roots of the plant. Make a fresh batch whenever needed with manure; Plant concentrate can be stored for few days.

Organic fertilizer is a mixture of day to day waste


Making own organic fertilizer is ecologically sustainable, affordable methods of creating fertilizer anywhere. Since the type of soil, the nature of plants, weather conditions vary with the place, the amount of organic fertilizer that can be used can only be determined by a soil test. So make your own organic fertilizer

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How do you enrich a garden soil?

How do you enrich a garden soil. To enrich a garden soil, you need to understand the biological life cycle. The biological life cycle of a plant starts thrives and ends in the soil. Similarly, food chain starting from a plant or organism in the ecosystem returns everything like nutrients and energy, back to the earth. This balance ensures that the environment is stable. Some human practices have disrupted the cycle, destroyed plants, microorganisms, drained nutrients using chemical fertilizers, and pesticides. Quality of produce, soil condition, and environmental conditions, on the whole, has deteriorated. It is time, we start revitalizing the earth in natural ways to restore this balance.

Organic waste helps growth of micro-organisms

Organic Mulch

Mulch helps to retain the moisture content. Moist soil is a haven for microorganisms. Where organisms thrive, the soil becomes fertile. Use organic materials like tree and plant clippings, hay, dry weeds, old plants, etc. as cover for your soil. With the microbial activity, they will decompose and become organic wealth for your soil.


Composting / Vermicomposting

Composting increases nutrients soil quality

Prepare your own compost using vegetable scraps, egg shells, fruit waste and anything that is green. If your soil is poor, the vegetables it produces will also lack the nutrients. In that case, do vermicompost with an external fertile soil or without any soil. Adding organic compost will restore the nutrients back to the soil. Hence, it will improve the soil quality. Compost can also be mixed with water. One can use it as a liquid fertilizer.

Companion planting to enrich a garden soil

Polyculture or intercropping are other names of companion planting. Instead of growing only one species, grow 2 or more plants in the same garden bed. Crops should have different root growth and nutrient requirements to avoid competition. Dense planting will prevent erosion of nutrients and soil, improve moisture content. This method proves to be mutually beneficial to both the plants. E.g. Garlic can be planted near tomato, eggplant etc. The smell of garlic naturally repels some bugs and insects.

Green manure

Plant crops like legumes, rye, dynamic accumulators like comfrey, amaranth etc. in between the other crops or after harvesting, as cover crops. Before they mature, turn the crops and bury them under the soil without removing the roots. The decomposition of crops allows a release of accumulated nutrients into the soil. These crops also prevent the growth of weeds, will help improve Nitrogen in the soil.

Crop rotation

Planting the same crop year after year will deplete the nutrients in the soil. Plant crops with varied nutrient requirements and growth patterns. Crop variations will also deter pests and disease-causing insects.

Organic fertilizer to enrich a garden soil

Various minerals and nutrients in the soil are required for plant growth. They are Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Potassium, Zinc, Calcium, Iron, etc. To correct phosphorous and nitrogen soil deficiencies, we can use organic fertilizers like composted manure from farm animals, seaweed, alfalfa meal or hay, fish meal, kelp, blood meal, and bone meal. We can use Oil cake which is a by-product of oil production from plant seeds as a soil conditioner. Greensand is rich in iron, potassium, and magnesium. Taken from wealthy marine beds it is an ideal fertilizer for your soil. Use appropriate organic fertilizers for your soil after a soil test.


Organic methods of soil enrichment

Forego chemical and artificial methods and adopt natural ways of cultivation to enrich a garden soil. In addition to increasing the yield by improving your soil quality. It will also help create biodiversity and preserve the ecological stability.

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How do I Prepare the Soil for my Vegetable Garden?

How do I prepare the soil for my Vegetable Garden? Plants prepare their food using sunlight, air, nutrients, and water. Roots grow downward in the soil in search of nutrients, water for food preparation and oxygen for breathing. It is important to prepare the soil before gardening so that the roots can easily access them. A well-nourished root will make a plant, strong, healthy and improve the yield. So it is essential that you prepare the soil for gardening.

Prepare the Soil for Sunlight & Air

All Vegetables require at least 6-8 hours of sunlight for food preparation. So choose a suitable spot for your garden. Clear out weeds, rocks, grass and other foreign agents from the garden bed. Use gardening tools to dig and loosen the soil to a depth of about 12 inches. This will aerate the soil. Now, the roots can easily penetrate the soil. Next, do a soil test to assess the quality and condition of your soil.

Prepare the soil for better Soil Quality

Additives determine the quality of the soil

The soil is of different types – silt, sand, and clay. When sand is too much in the soil, it will be porous, water retention will be less, and the soil easily dries and is unsuitable for planting. Similarly, when there is too much clay, it will be overly wet and forms lumps and is not ideal for roots to breathe. For vegetable gardening, the soil should be a combination of all these types. So add coarse sand, or, clay-rich soil, or, compost, treated manure, humus to your soil, as suggested by your soil test to improve the soil quality. Or add good topsoil or potting soil for immediate planting.

 Prepare the soil for higher Organic Matter in Soil

Organic Matter in Soil

Adding compost to your soil will make any soil perfect for cultivation. After digging, add compost up to a depth of 6 inches in your soil. Turn it well without compressing the soil. Since compost takes time to break down, so add it 2-3 months before planting. Composting can also be done directly on the soil.

Water to prepare the soil

Water your soil and retain the desired moisture level. The soil should not be soggy before planting. Allow it to dry if it’s wet. Compost and sand will help drain excess water. To maintain the moisture content and prevent weed growth, cover your garden bed with 2 to 4 inches of organic mulch. For e.g. peat moss, fallen leaves, cardboard, newspaper, etc.


A soil test will also reveal the nutrient level in the soil – pH, phosphorus, lime, etc. Low or high pH soil, is not good for plant growth. To achieve a desirable pH, add organic matter to the soil. Alternatively, plant cover crops like cereals – wheat, oats, barley, or legumes like beans, etc. Cereals are deep-rooted plants. They bring nutrients back from great depths into their stems and leaves. Nitrogen is essential for strong plant growth and plants cannot absorb it from the air. Legumes help in nitrogen fixing in the soil. These cover crops will also prevent weeds from growing. After about 3-4 weeks, kill the cover crops, without pulling out the roots by covering it to the ground. When they decompose, they return nutrients, nitrogen, etc. back to the soil hence, it will be available for your next plant in 2-3 weeks.


Divide your garden into small plots since it will be easy to maintain and access. Providing pathways in between will prevent us from walking on the garden bed. Install fences, mesh, cages, etc. wherever necessary to prevent pest, rodents, etc. from destroying the soil.