Making Own Organic Fertilizer. Food and water are the basis for our survival. But with genetic modification, growth hormones and toxic chemicals used in cultivation – nutritional value of our intake is deteriorating. So, the world is shifting towards organic farming (use of organic fertilizer) to promote healthy eating. Even nations like UAE, with less rainfall and dry environment, are using innovation and technology to carry out farming. So why not make your own organic fertilizer.Components of organic fertilizer
The Way Ahead in making Own Organic Fertilizer
Organic farming uses only naturally sustainable methods and products. Traditional methods that are harmless to our health and earth, are used with some scientific improvisation. Some of the techniques employed in Organic farming are,
- Use of organic fertilizers like compost, etc.
- Change of crops to enrich the soil
- Reduction of weed growth through mulching, digging, etc.
- Use of natural pesticides
- Use of traditional farm tools
If you make your own organic fertilizer. you create Wealth out of waste
Bio-degradable waste when discarded decomposes and emits greenhouse gases, which cause global warming, pollution, etc. So to reduce the waste sent to the dump yard, we should recycle or process it. Some easily available items that can be processed into Organic fertilizer under controlled environment are,
- Treated Manure – waste of cattle, sheep, poultry and other farm animals
- Chemical-free crop residue, lawn trimmings, foliage, etc.
- Household waste – vegetable & fruit scraps, egg shells, coffee & tea residue, paper, wood, etc.
You can make your own organic fertilizer by Composting process
Select a ventilated place with adequate sunshine but with partial shade. You can compost in a pit, or bin or compactor. Place 1 inch of straw in the base. Gather your waste items in the compost – ideally, carbon-rich items like newspaper, dried leaves are mixed with green waste for carbon-nitrogen balancing. Sprinkle little water. If your pile is too dense, add sawdust, cardboard, etc. to allow air flow. Leave it for few days for microbial action. Constantly check the temperature (pile will gradually heat up), odor and moisture content (not sopping wet nor dry). If the compost temperature drops suddenly or if it emits a foul odor, it’s time to turn your pile to allow air flow. When the pile changes into a dark soil like form, your fertilizer is ready. Mix it with your garden soil and plant 2-3 weeks later or just cover your soil with the fertilizer.
You can make your own organic fertilizer by Vermi composting process
Vermicomposting is composting done using earth “worms”. Unlike composting, it requires moderate temperature, wet bedding for the worms to thrive. Therefore, avoid a large pile and keep worm-bins in a shady area like inside of the house. First, add wet newspaper or cardboard followed by wet soil to the worm bins. Add food scraps; leave it for a couple of days, before introducing the worms. Worms will aerate the pile, so you don’t have to turn it. If you have a large pile, first compost it to kill the germs at high temperature and then proceed with vermicomposting in numerous small worm-beds.
While organic fertilizers act slowly, liquid fertilizers provide quick nourishment to the soil. Mix manure or any green waste with water. Leave water with manure for 3-4 days (after this it emits a nasty smell); Green waste for 2 weeks. Stir occasionally. The nutrients from the waste seep into the water. Remove only the concentrated liquid. Mix the liquid fertilizer with adequate water and spray it on the roots of the plant. Make a fresh batch whenever needed with manure; Plant concentrate can be stored for few days.Organic fertilizer is a mixture of day to day waste
Making own organic fertilizer is ecologically sustainable, affordable methods of creating fertilizer anywhere. Since the type of soil, the nature of plants, weather conditions vary with the place, the amount of organic fertilizer that can be used can only be determined by a soil test. So make your own organic fertilizer