How do you enrich a garden soil. To enrich a garden soil, you need to understand the biological life cycle. The biological life cycle of a plant starts thrives and ends in the soil. Similarly, food chain starting from a plant or organism in the ecosystem returns everything like nutrients and energy, back to the earth. This balance ensures that the environment is stable. Some human practices have disrupted the cycle, destroyed plants, microorganisms, drained nutrients using chemical fertilizers, and pesticides. Quality of produce, soil condition, and environmental conditions, on the whole, has deteriorated. It is time, we start revitalizing the earth in natural ways to restore this balance.Organic waste helps growth of micro-organisms
Mulch helps to retain the moisture content. Moist soil is a haven for microorganisms. Where organisms thrive, the soil becomes fertile. Use organic materials like tree and plant clippings, hay, dry weeds, old plants, etc. as cover for your soil. With the microbial activity, they will decompose and become organic wealth for your soil.
Composting / VermicompostingComposting increases nutrients soil quality
Prepare your own compost using vegetable scraps, egg shells, fruit waste and anything that is green. If your soil is poor, the vegetables it produces will also lack the nutrients. In that case, do vermicompost with an external fertile soil or without any soil. Adding organic compost will restore the nutrients back to the soil. Hence, it will improve the soil quality. Compost can also be mixed with water. One can use it as a liquid fertilizer.
Companion planting to enrich a garden soil
Polyculture or intercropping are other names of companion planting. Instead of growing only one species, grow 2 or more plants in the same garden bed. Crops should have different root growth and nutrient requirements to avoid competition. Dense planting will prevent erosion of nutrients and soil, improve moisture content. This method proves to be mutually beneficial to both the plants. E.g. Garlic can be planted near tomato, eggplant etc. The smell of garlic naturally repels some bugs and insects.
Plant crops like legumes, rye, dynamic accumulators like comfrey, amaranth etc. in between the other crops or after harvesting, as cover crops. Before they mature, turn the crops and bury them under the soil without removing the roots. The decomposition of crops allows a release of accumulated nutrients into the soil. These crops also prevent the growth of weeds, will help improve Nitrogen in the soil.
Planting the same crop year after year will deplete the nutrients in the soil. Plant crops with varied nutrient requirements and growth patterns. Crop variations will also deter pests and disease-causing insects.
Organic fertilizer to enrich a garden soil
Various minerals and nutrients in the soil are required for plant growth. They are Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Potassium, Zinc, Calcium, Iron, etc. To correct phosphorous and nitrogen soil deficiencies, we can use organic fertilizers like composted manure from farm animals, seaweed, alfalfa meal or hay, fish meal, kelp, blood meal, and bone meal. We can use Oil cake which is a by-product of oil production from plant seeds as a soil conditioner. Greensand is rich in iron, potassium, and magnesium. Taken from wealthy marine beds it is an ideal fertilizer for your soil. Use appropriate organic fertilizers for your soil after a soil test.
ConclusionOrganic methods of soil enrichment
Forego chemical and artificial methods and adopt natural ways of cultivation to enrich a garden soil. In addition to increasing the yield by improving your soil quality. It will also help create biodiversity and preserve the ecological stability.