Prepare the soil for planting. Like humans, all plants need food, water, and air to grow and produce yield. Plant requirements like the amount of sunlight, water, temperature, soil quality, etc. may vary across plants. Their availability is decided by the location of your garden, weather conditions and time of planting. But all the plants need nutrients and minerals to aid them in growth & reproduction. All the plants receive them through the soil and hence it is important to prepare the soil for planting.
Prepare the soil for planting for vegetables
Decide the location of your garden. Soil after winter frost or rain will be wet and allow it to dry. Start soil preparation process in a dry soil. Clear weeds, rocks, grass, etc. Take a soil test. The soil test will reveal pH, and other nutrient, mineral deficiencies in your soil. Do the suggested fixes to improve the soil. Most plants require well-aerated soil. For soils having more clay content; add organic manure, peat moss to improve drainage. But, some plants like pumpkin thrive well in clay soil. Similarly, compost improves moisture retention in dry, sandy soil. Mix compost and fertilizer. Do not walk or compress the well-aerated soil. Repeat the process till the soil looks and feels fertile. Sprinkle water to keep it moist or cover it with organic mulch till you start planting.
Prepare the soil for planting Fruits
Fruit trees need to be spaced, placed in the sunshine, in the well-drained aerated soil for it to develop strong roots. If your soil is waterlogged, consider planting on an inclined raised bed with depth, for the roots to grow spaciously. Most fruits require acidic soil for thriving. Plant perennials like berries and currants on a shallow raised bed or on a fertile well-drained weed-free ground. Grapes and kiwi with vertical support, thrive well on slopes and hills with exposure to sun, good air circulation in a well-aerated soil.
Prepare the soil for planting Legumes
Peas, beans thrive well in any type of soil that is well drained and has adequate sunshine. Legumes also grow as cover crops so you can do that. Before the plant develops seeds, work it back into the soil. The nitrogen absorbed by legume will be released back to the earth when it decomposes. It will also serve as an organic matter to the soil.
Prepare the soil for planting Flowers
Flowers require well-drained, loamy soil to grow. Remove weeds by using herbicide or organic mulch, and mow or dig out the grass. Create a graded or a raised bed for your flower garden to improve drainage. Decide where to plant perennials, and annuals since their root growth is different. Use slow-release fertilizers for the flower garden.
Grass requires leveled, aerated soil for lush growth. Prepare well ahead of the actual sowing. First weed, remove rocks and loosen the soil. Add black topsoil, potting soil, organic matter, fertilizers, etc. as required and till the soil again. Level the entire area with a rake and firm the soil with a lawn roller appropriately. After few weeks, rake it again and remove weeds. Decide where to install sprinklers, grass plugs. Leave room for pathways to protect from stepping on your grass. Now, it is ready for planting grass seeds.
Succulents require less water and a lot of sunlight to grow. They need sandy, dry soil. If you are planting in a container make holes in the bottom, to improve the drainage in the soil. Also, add gravel and sand to your soil if soil conditions are not ideal.How to prepare the soil for planting
Time spent in preparing the soil will help you achieve high productivity. Determine suitable native plants for your soil. Or amend your soil according to the requirements and grow any garden. Prepare the soil for planting.