sustainable horticulture and its benefits. Sustainable horticulture must provide a fair and reasonably secure living standard for farm families with minimum harm to the environment. It should maintain basic ecological resources such as healthy soil, clean water, and clean air.
Sustainable horticulture must enhance the quality of life for farmers and society as a whole.
What is Sustainable Horticulture?
Growing fruits, vegetables, and flowers (Sustainable Horticulture) is a common hobby for many of us.
For the actively enthusiastic, the rewards lie in the bloom of the plant. Unfortunately, not all seasons are alike, nor are all years.
There could be situations when the produce of the plant fails to meet the breeder’s expectations. This could be due to any number of reasons like inappropriate temperature, diseases, and pests, and so on.
Under such circumstances, the most expedient solution is to resort to supplements. Strong chemicals and artificial means of boosting growth yield instantaneous and miraculous results.
But in the long term, these methods only lead to exhaustion of the soil and leaching of its nutrient content. Each subsequent growing season is thus dependent on external help. Sustainable horticulture is an old practice.
This encourages the breeder to take care of Plant health. To boost its growth using natural remedies and supplements. Rather than the use of chemicals.
Sustainable Horticulture is a way to replenish the earth’s natural resources
The booming horticulture industry depends on the availability of healthy, land, and plenty of other resources. Resources like minerals, nutrients, and water.
All these components are renewable. Modern horticulture methods, however, pay little attention to the pace of the depletion of these resources.
The continuation of these practices would result in fallow lands and limited natural supplements. Consequently, the costs of raising plants to bear fruits, vegetables, and flowers will escalate. This will make the industry unsustainable in the long run.
Sustainable horticulture is the surest way to replenish the resources of nature. We can protect and recharge nutrients of the soil by judicious use of water and organic supplements.
The landscape thus continues to remain arable. Maybe even more so, when the relatively erratic natural processes are followed more systematically manually.
Sustainable Horticulture includes several activities
Maintaining a sustainable garden is a three-step process. Developing a suitable landscape, maintenance of the same, and greenhouse management are the three steps.
Maintaining a suitable landscape is the first step toward sustainable gardening. A healthy soil, with negligible chemical intervention, is the strongest base to grow plants.
The next thing is the regular maintenance of the landscape so as to maintain the quality of the substrate. This also entails ensuring that diseases and pests do not inflict the plants or the produce.
This can be achieved by way of regular manual monitoring and using organic solutions like compost to build resilience in the plants and eradicate pests.
While Nature herself incubates and propagates flora species.
Maintaining a dedicated greenhouse is a good way to ensure the longevity of certain breeds. A greenhouse is a protected space, wherein rare and young saplings are nurtured.
These plants can also be then employed for various cultural practices such as creating a verdant roof or wall.
An important component of sustainable gardening is continuous care of the flora. One can do it by a way of pruning, trimming, cutting, and transplanting.
This enables propagation beyond the premises. This is a healthy way to increase the reach of sustainable horticulture.
Sustainable horticulture is still a budding subject. It is witnessing several continuous developments.
The ultimate aim is to plow the soil. Also, to derive its resources in a way that is beneficial to both the plants and the soil. This thoughtfulness towards posterity is critical in protecting our ecosystems.
How can horticulture be sustainable?
Here are 6 ideas that you can practice to do your part for sustainability
- Conserve water. Water plants only when they need it.
- Reduce the use of fossil fuel
- Reduce or prevent contamination from garden waste to the environment
- Select plants that are more drought-tolerant grasses that require less mowing
- Reduce the size of your lawn
- Do a soil test, before you add fertilizer to your garden. Over-fertilizing can lead to excess plant growth which can be more susceptible to diseases.