The concept of Ecological farming enables communities to produce enough food to feed themselves.
This form of agriculture helps in developing a future of healthy farming, and healthy food, to all people. Ecological farming helps the world’s population to mitigate and adapt to climate change.
Ecological farming is not same as organic farming, however, there are many similarities between Ecological farming and Organic farming. Ecological farming methods include all methods but not limited to organic produce, which regenerate ecosystem services like; prevents soil erosion, water infiltration and retention, carbon sequestration in the form of humus etc. Many techniques are also used in Ecological farming including no till, multi species cover crops, strips cropping, terrace cultivation, shelter belts, pasture cropping etc.
In other words, Ecological farming is in harmony with nature, using cultivation techniques and breeding programmes that do not merely rely on soluble chemical fertilizers, pesticides or insecticides, or genetic engineered change. Organic livestock are reared on feed produced under these conditions, are kept in conditions that suit their natural state as far as possible and don’t rely on the blanket use for medicines to overcome unhealthy conditions.
- Ecological farming involves the introduction of symbiotic species, where possible, to support the ecological sustainability of the farm. Associated benefits include a reduction in ecological debt and elimination of dead zones.
- Ecological farming is a pioneering, practical development which aims to create globally sustainable land management systems, and encourages review of the importance of maintaining biodiversity in food production and farming end products.
- One foreseeable option is to develop specialized automata to scan and respond to soil and plant situations relative to intensive care for the soil and the plants. Accordingly, conversion to ecological farming may best use the information age, and become recognized as a primary user of robotics and expert systems.
- Ecological farming keeps food production in the hands of farmers and away from corporate control.
Analyses conducted by scientist around the world has shown that ecological farming makes sense economically. First, this modern farming method leads to increased crop yields. Globally, ecological farming can produce an average of about 30% more food per hectare than conventional agriculture. In developing countries, ecological farming can produce roughly 80% more food per hectare. Second, cost-effective to use natural, locally available fertilizers and organic pest control. This saves costs on synthetic chemical inputs that pollute.