Nitrogen for plants. Every living plant needs nitrogen. Plants that are largely at the beginning of the food chain feed mainly on the basic elements such as Nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Potassium, which are also known as macronutrients and convert these nutrients into more complex molecules. Without plants, we would often rely on chemistry labs to produce foods that our bodies can process. Therefore, Nitrogen for the plant is essential.Nitrogen for plants cycle
When we fertilize the plants in our garden, we often believe that we are doing something good. We are very fond of fertilizing and spoil the crop and soils with an excess of nutrients and other components of the fertilizer. In many cases, healthy soil alone provides sufficient Nitrogen for plants in the garden, and fertilizers should only be sufficient for the garden “waste”. As a matter of fact, one can even completely dispense with animal excrement as a source of nitrogen for plants.
A Brief History of Nitrogen for plants:
The rocks that make up the Earth have very little Nitrogen content. Something, in minimal amounts, when compared with other types of Nitrogen release, is released to the soil when the weathering of these rocks occurs. However, what is really interesting is the fixation of atmospheric Nitrogen. This passage of atmospheric Nitrogen into the soil can be done in two ways. On the one hand would be the biotic “path”, where the activity of microorganisms both animal and plant is vital to dispose of this assailable element. There is also another path, the abiotic, where by means of rain, snow, etc., in general, atmospheric phenomena, this fixation takes place.
Forms and effect of Nitrogen on plants:
There are 3 most important minerals in plant nutrition are found. Nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium, well today, as it was not going to be less, we speak of one of the most important elements for the development of a crop, Nitrogen. Nitrogen occupies 78% of the content of the atmosphere and 3% of the human body. Unfortunately, not everything in the air happens to land, so we have to develop the dust from our pockets to pay for Nitrogen that can be assimilated by crops.
Nitrogen for plants, why?
Nitrogen is used by plants mainly for the growth and the formation of leaf mass and leaf green. The plants are much more susceptible to diseases and pests. Moreover, such plants and fruits are characterized by poorer storage properties.
A lack of Nitrogen in the crucial vegetative phase occurs more rarely than an oversupply. It appears in the form of weak growth and small leaves and poor rooting. The leaves become evenly light to yellow, beginning with the older leaves. Also, the fruits of such under-supplied plants are smaller. Owing to the Nitrogen supply, the absorption of other substances such as phosphorus, potash, magnesium and other trace elements is also restricted.
How does a plant absorb Nitrogen?
As previously mentioned, plants absorb Nitrogen. Hence, many farmers use Nitrogen or ammonium-type Nitrogen as fertilizer, since they are expected to remain in the soil as long as possible. Another thing we have not said so far is that this compound can be absorbed by the plant both at the root level by the roots, most common, and foliar indirect application. However, it is normal for Nitrogen to be applied to the soil, both in ammoniacal (NH4 +) and nitric (NO3-) applications. Although not normal, there are plants that are capable of capturing Nitrogen from the atmosphere, reducing it, and transforming it.
Thus, the most important role of Nitrogen in crops is to be part of plant proteins. We cannot forget its role as a reserve either in seeds its ability to endure “alive” without being planted or the energy it needs to become a plant once it is sown or other reproductive organs. In this article, we have briefly described that Nitrogen is one of the most important nutrients for the plants and explained the consequences of excessive fertilization or nutrient deficiency.
What is nitrogen