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What should I grow in my Vegetable Garden?

Vegetables in your gallery or on terrace

What should I grow in my Vegetable Garden? Vegetables grown in your own Vegetable Garden will be fresh, succulent, and free of chemicals. But planning a Vegetable Garden is not an easy task. Every plant has its own needs – sunlight, water, soil, climatic conditions, etc. So we should consider all these factors and the size of our Vegetable Garden, before growing the plants.

Sunshine duration needed in your Vegetable Garden

Plants require minimum 6-8 hours of sunlight to prepare food. Some plants like tomato, pepper, eggplant, okra, beans, etc. require maximum sunlight exposure to thrive well. Salad greens like spinach, root vegetables like carrot, beets, herbs like parsley, oregano, require only 4-6 hours of sunlight. Ginger grows well in indirect sunlight. Plan your vegetables based on the sunny and shady areas in your garden.


Water requirements also vary with plants in your Vegetable Garden. Some plants are drought-resistant, they need very less water once they pass embryonic stages.  E.g. sweet potato, peppers, corn, squash, some varieties of tomato, watermelon, etc. Herbs like rosemary, thyme, sage, legumes like tepary beans, black-eyed peas, pole beans, etc. also have only low water need. Others like cauliflower, onion, potato, broccoli, cabbage, asparagus, celery, herbs like coriander, mint etc. grow well only with adequate watering. So even if you have desert-like dry conditions in your region, try the heat-resistant varieties of vegetables for your Vegetable Garden.

Soil structure

Root crops like Carrots, potatoes, beet, turnip, require well-drained, loose soil and can grow even in sandy soil. Cabbage, cauliflower, beans, leafy vegetables, etc. grow in well-aerated, moist soil. Most vegetables require loamy soil to penetrate their roots in search of water, nutrients and to breathe. Some plants like Radish can grow even on rocky grounds. Even after mixing sand to your clay soil, if it does not dry, you can try other vegetables. Leafy vegetables like varieties of spinach, cabbage, lettuce, broccoli, grow in clay soil. For waterlogged areas where drying is impossible, try growing watercress, taro, American groundnut, and arugula in your Vegetable Garden.


Frost destroys vegetables like eggplant, pepper, melon, and okra. So it is best suited for growing in hot climatic conditions. Onions, garlic take a very long time (annual – a year) to grow. But they can survive cold conditions. Some other plants that love cool temperatures are broccoli, carrot, Swiss chard, cilantro, radish, peas, etc. Fast-growing plant varieties like zucchini, spring radish can be harvested within 1 or 2 months of sowing. So, irrespective of the climatic conditions you can still grow a Vegetable Garden if you choose the right veggies.

Vegetable Garden Area

Shallots, garlic, ginger, herbs like oregano, basil, etc. occupy very less space, and can be grown even in containers. While heavy runners, creepers like watermelon, pumpkin, squash, etc. will cover your whole garden, some vertical climbers like pole beans, peas, cucumbers can be grown in limited space with proper support. You can grow corn in a large garden or when you have bigger space on the terrace. Plants like lettuce, spinach, etc. when directly sown in the garden, fill up a lot of space while growing. Similarly, space out root vegetables like carrot, beets, etc. so that their roots can develop in a small space.


Nutrient-rich products for health can be grown in your garden

Plants like dill, cilantro, mustard, fennel, sow themselves and are high yielding. Similarly, plants like tomato, squash, green beans and carrot have a high success rate in any soil. You do not always have to buy seeds and saplings for your garden. you can even use vegetable scraps to create your garden. Waste like root base of carrot, green onions, stems of basil, celery, avocado pits; you can place them in water and regrow. In addition to this, you can place half sliced potato, garlic clove, and ginger in moist soil.

Conclusion of what should I grow in my Vegetable Garden

In the end, it is best to grow, what we consume on a regular basis. Grow the food that you like the most. With the availability of raised beds, container and indoor gardening (with supplementary lights), anyone can have a flourishing Vegetable Garden if maintained well.

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